What is Acne?
Acne is a chronic, inflammatory skin disease that results in whiteheads, blackheads, pimples, and spots especially on the face, shoulders, back, neck, chest and upper arms.
Acne is not dangerous but it leaves scars on the skin. It commonly occurs during puberty when the sebaceous glands activate but it can also occur at any age.
Your skin has tiny holes called spores which can become blocked by oil, bacteria, dead skin cells and dirt. When this happens, you develop pimples and if your skin is repeatedly affected by this condition, it may lead to acne.
According to the American Academy of Dermatology, acne is the most common skin condition in the United States. It is not a dangerous life-threatening condition but it can be painful, especially when it’s severe. At times it causes depression and emotional distress.
Here you will find ways on How to Get Rid Of Acne, preventing acne, the best acne treatment for your skin, acne products, home remedies for treating acne and more.
Symptoms of Acne
When you have acne, you will notice pimples that are white or black in appearance. Both whiteheads and blackheads are known as comedones.
Blackheads open at the surface of your skin, giving them a black appearance due to the effect of oxygen in the air. Whiteheads are closed just under the surface of your skin, giving them a white appearance.
Symptoms of acne vary in severity and you will notice these signs on areas of your body with most oil glands (the face, neck, chest, back, shoulders and upper arms)
- Papules (raised lesions)
- Clogged pores (pimples, blackheads, and whiteheads)
- Pustules (raised lesions with pus)
- Cysts (nodules filled with pus or fluid)
Types of Acne
Identifying which type of acne you’re experiencing is the key to successful treatment. Acne may be non-inflammatory or inflammatory; subtypes of these two types of acne include blackheads, whiteheads, papules, pustules, nodules, and cysts.
1) Non-inflammatory Acne
This type of acne includes blackheads and whiteheads. They don’t cause swelling and they respond well to over-the-counter (OTC) Treatments.
2) Blackheads (Open comedones)
They occur when a pore is clogged by a combination of sebum and dead skin cells. The top of the pore stays open despite the rest of it being clogged. This will result in the characteristic black color seen on the surface.
This type of acne is also caused by oil and debris clogging pores.
3) Whiteheads (Closed comedones)
They also form when a pore gets clogged by sebum and dead skin cells but unlike blackheads, the top of the pore closes up and it looks like a small bump protruding from the skin. Whiteheads are difficult to treat because the pores are already closed.
4) Inflammatory Acne
Pimples that are red and swollen are referred to as inflammatory acne. Although sebum and dead skin cells contribute to the inflammatory acne, bacteria can also play a role in clogging up pores, Bacteria causes an infection deep beneath the skin’s surface.
This leads to painful acne spots.
This type of acne rises on its own, nothing causes it and will require treatment by a physician or dermatologist.
They occur when the walls surrounding your pores breakdown from severe inflammation then result in hard, clogged pores that are tender to the touch. The skin around these pores is usually pink.
They also form when the walls around your pores break down but unlike papules, pustules are filled with pus. These bumps come out from the skin and are usually red in color. They often have yellow or whiteheads on top.
7) Hormonal Acne
Women and teenagers are particularly susceptible to hormonal acne which is caused when hormones trigger excess facial oil production.
Other Causes of Acne
Check out these other known acne causes and aggravators and see how to prevent acne by removing some of these out of your life
- Eating a junk food diet, not using medications, smoking and poor, skin care routine
- Medications like corticosteroids, lithium or anticonvulsants
- Wearing cosmetics that clog pores can also cause or exacerbate acne
Foods that Cause Acne
It is advised to eat better in order to have a clear healthy skin.
Studies have suggested that high-glycemic index diets (those with lots of white foods like potatoes, pasta, bread, rice, and sweets), as well as diets high in skim-milk dairy products and whey protein supplements, might be associated with worsening of existing acne.
Avoid eating too many sweets because they are a potential cause of acne.
Getting Rid of Acne
Using the best face wash for acne can help, look for topical acne medication ingredients salicylic acid and benzoyl peroxide in your face was and use gentle, nonabrasive cleansing techniques.
- Consumption of ample amounts of water: Easy, common, obvious.
- Regular face wash/bath: the Regular cleansing of the skin is necessary to avoid blockages of pores. Wash twice a day, morning and before bed, and a soap that contains a moisturizer helps.
- A paste of baking soda: Reduces the redness and itching due to acne.
- Oatmeal paste: Mix your oatmeal with warm water to form a paste and apply it to the affected area for about twenty minutes. Ideal if you regularly eat oatmeal!
- Facial masks: A paste made of a combination of grated apples(made into pulp) and a splash of honey (about four tablespoons) can be used as a facial mask, apply it for ten minutes.
Get rid of acne medication options
Topical or Oral antibiotics
They are used to kill bacteria causing acne. They may be applied directly to the skin (topical) or taken by mouth (oral).
The antibiotics used for acne treatment include clindamycin or tetracyclines like doxycycline or minocycline.
They are very effective for treating acne because they both kill bacteria and act as anti-inflammatory agents to calm down the skin.
They are used to treat hormonal acne in women only by reducing the production of androgens (male hormones) in a woman’s body which can then reduce oil production in the skin.
Oral Contraceptives with Estrogen
The birth control pill is another option for women suffering from hormonal acne. Four types of birth control pills have been approved by the FDA for uses as an acne treatment and all four are combination pills that contain both estrogen and progesterone.
Talk to your doctor about how to use birth control pills for getting rid of acne.
How to get rid of acne naturally
Acne medications will stop the breakout of acne but they can also cause dryness, discoloration and skin irritation. Besides these unwanted side effects, they are just expensive, some can’t afford them.
You can stick with the scientifically proven natural remedies and save money by using ingredients you may already have around the house.
Here are some of the best ways to clear acne naturally:
1) Steam cleaning your face
Wash your face with a gentle cleanser (either a non-oil-based product or a plant-oil-based product.
Dermatologists recommended using glycerin, grape seed, and sunflower oils, as oils are best to absorb and dissolve other oils.
- Use your fingertips instead of a washcloth or sponge that could further aggravate your skin
- Massage the cleanser into your skin for about a minute using a gentle circulating motion.
- Don’t scrub, just help the cleanser loosen and absorb dirt and oils.
- Rinse your face thoroughly with lukewarm water
- Pat your skin dry with a clean, cotton towel. Never rub a towel over your skin as this could further irritation on your skin.
2) Applying Ice Cubes
Apply ice cubes to the inflamed acne; rub an ice over the acne on your face until the area goes numb.
3) Use Garlic
Yes, garlic can help you get rid of acne. It contains anti-fungal and antiviral compounds; it’s also an antioxidant agent. You just cut it and gently rub it on your skin for at least five minutes then wash your face or any affected area clean and moisture it.
4) Honey Cleansing
Wash your face with honey. Massage half a teaspoon of raw honey into your dry face for about 2 minutes and then rinse it. The antibacterial properties of honey work to inhibit acne breakouts and remove excess oil. It leaves your skin moisturized.
These methods are effective when applied earnestly, results show in no time.
Consumption of ample amounts of water: Easy, common, obvious.
Regular face wash/bath: the Regular cleansing of the skin is necessary to avoid blockages of pores. Wash twice a day, morning and before bed, and a soap that contains a moisturizer helps.
A paste of baking soda: Reduces the redness and itching due to acne.
Oatmeal paste: Mix your oatmeal with warm water to form a paste and apply it to the affected area for about twenty minutes. Ideal if you regularly eat oatmeal!
Facial masks: A paste made of a combination of grated apples(made into pulp) and a splash of honey (about four tablespoons) can be used as a facial mask, apply it for ten minutes.
- 1 What is Acne?
- 2 Symptoms of Acne
- 3 Types of Acne
- 4 1) Non-inflammatory Acne
- 5 2) Blackheads (Open comedones)
- 6 3) Whiteheads (Closed comedones)
- 7 4) Inflammatory Acne
- 8 5) Papules
- 9 6) Pustules
- 10 7) Hormonal Acne
- 11 Other Causes of Acne
- 12 Foods that Cause Acne
- 13 Getting Rid of Acne
- 14 Get rid of acne medication options
- 15 How to get rid of acne naturally
- 16 1) Steam cleaning your face
- 17 2) Applying Ice Cubes
- 18 3) Use Garlic
- 19 4) Honey Cleansing
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